HR Certification Podcast Episode 12: Answering Your SHRM & HRCI Exam Questions

Summary:In this episode of the HR Certification Podcast, we are reviewing the 4/5ths rule as well as answering your SHRM and HRCI questions.

HR Certification Podcast Episode 12: Answering Your SHRM & HRCI Exam Questions

Summary:In this episode of the HR Certification Podcast, we are reviewing the 4/5ths rule as well as answering your SHRM and HRCI questions.

Table of Contents

Welcome to the HR Certification Podcast: a podcast for HR leaders working towards their human resources certification with HRCI and SHRM. Join host Jessica Miller-Merrell, founder of Workology.com and HR certification prep program, Ace The HR Exam, as she shares study tips, exam insights, and topical review for HR exams, including the aPHR, PHR, SPHR, SHRM-CP, and SHRM-SCP. Now, here’s Jessica with this episode of the HR Certification Podcast.

HR Certification Podcast Episode 12: Answering Your SHRM & HRCI Exam Questions

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:00:37.91] Hey there and welcome to the HR Certification Podcast. I’m your host, Jessica Miller-Merrell, and I’m so excited to have you here. My purpose, mission, and passion is elevating the HR industry. And in the HR Certification Podcast, I help HR leaders in their personal and professional development focus solely on their HR certification for SHRM and HRCI exams. This podcast is powered by Workology’s HR certification prep courses and resources. To learn more about our courses and these resources, you can visit  www.HRCertificationPodcast.com. Now, before I dive into today’s podcast, I do want to hear from you. Give me a follow over on Instagram or TikTok@WorkologyBlog, where I’m happy to answer your HR certification questions. That’s @WorkologyBlog, and maybe I’ll feature your question in a new episode of the HR Certification Podcast. So in every single episode of the podcast, I cover information and resources designed to help you with your HR certification exams. This podcast is short. It’s to the point so you can get your review and move on. The HR Certification Podcast is divided into different segments. In each episode, we’re going to address a common question or HR topical area to assist you in your review. Review an HR glossary term and walk you through an HR certification exam question. Again, these are designed for the SHRM and HRCI exams and that includes the aPHR, the PHR, the SPHR, the SHRM-CP, and the SHRM-SCP. In the transcript notes of each and every podcast, I also share recommended resources and information to assist you in your review, and these are all available at HRCertificationPodcast.com.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:02:30.08] In this episode, we’re answering your HR certification questions. I take my responses from my TikTok and Instagram. Those accounts are @WorkologyBlog. You’re going to ask me questions over there anytime. I’m here to support you. So let’s start with our first question, which is over from TikTok. I’m going to link to the TikTok in the transcript of this podcast at HRCertificationPodcast.com so you can watch the whole thing again if you like.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:03:01.35] How to get started studying for your HR certification exams from TikTok. This audio and video is about three minutes. How do you recommend starting to study? It’s a lot of information. This is SHRM and HRCI. Let’s talk about how to get started. The best way to get started is to have a plan. So I would encourage you, first things first, head on over to Workology.com and click on the certification and get familiar with all the things. What is going to be on the exam? Where do you go to get the BoCK or the BASK depending upon if you’re SHRM or HRCI. All that information is there. It’s updated for 2024 information and beyondee. We’ll be updating it continuously. Head on over there. Click on the certification that you are thinking about taking and begin to review. I want you to get familiar with the BoCK or the BASK to understand the kinds of things that are going to be on the exam.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:04:00.61] Once you have a familiarity of what’s going to be on the exam, I want you to go through each competency and sub-competency and rate yourself a 1 to 5. One, i don’t know anything. Five, I’m a rock star. Fill that out and go back to look to see what is, topic is most likely to be on the exam first. So what areas are your weak spots that are most likely going to be on the exam, and start by selecting the first two to begin your review. From here, I want you to get on your calendar. Put times that you are going to be available to study on your calendar. These should be at least 30 minutes, no more than an hour in length without taking a 15-minute break. So if you go longer than 45 minutes, you need to take an hour break. Now get on your calendar, and let’s put some times that you’re going to be studying. I would like to see 3 to 7 hours a week over the course of 12 to 15 weeks. So go ahead and let’s put some times on your calendar. They need to be no more than 45 minutes long without a 15-minute break. You need to give your brain time to rest. So if you book an hour for yourself, make sure that last 15 minutes, that is time spent taking a break doing something not related to studying for HR certification.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:05:20.06] Now go back to those two highest priorities of areas and start to review. Look at video. Look at audio. Make flashcards. Talk about the information. Get a study partner. Use all the different mediums to be able to move this from your short-term to your long-term memory. Spend two weeks on these two categories and once you feel comfortable, move on to the next two highest priorities. This is how you study for your exam. I do have a course that goes in depth. It is over 42 hours of audio-video training, tons of downloadables, over 300 pages. Test questions galore. It’s Ace the HR Exam so you can sign up there. I have a monthly or an annual subscription rate for you to get access to prep for your exam. Hope that answers your question.

HR Glossary Term(s) – The 4/5ths Rule

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:06:07.37] I hope answering questions like these helps you put together a plan of action to ace your HR certification exam. Again, head over to Instagram or TikTok@WorkologyBlog, to ask your HR certification questions. Some topics in our HR knowledge base are incredibly complex, so especially the term and topics that I’m reviewing today. I want to dive into our HR glossary term, so be prepared for a lengthy overview. This topic I’m reviewing today actually came from a comment over on TikTok of an HR leader who was thick in the, just thick in it of studying for their exam. They asked about the 4/5ths rule, and before I explain that, I need to explain adverse action. So stay tuned here from an audio. It’s 4.5 minutes long. I’m also linking to the talk, TikTok, in the transcript of that particular podcast or conversation at HRCertificationPodcast.com.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:07:04.85] Let’s talk about the 4/5ths rule. But before we do that, I need to walk you through adverse action. It’s all going to make sense. Let’s go. Hey there. I’m Jess and I help HR leaders ace their HR certification exams with my HR certification program for HRCI and SHRM. It’s called Ace the HR exam. You can learn more at www.AceTheHRExam.com. Let’s talk about the 4/5ths rule and adverse impact. All right. So under the guidelines adverse impact is substantially different. It’s a different rate of selection used in hiring promotion or other employment decisions which works to the disadvantages of members of a race, sex, or an ethnic group. So let’s talk about what is substantially different rate of selection. Agencies have adopted a rule of thumb, under which they generally consider selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group which is less than 4/5ths or 80% of the selection rate for the group with the highest selection rate as substantially different rate of selection. Okay, let’s talk about 4/5ths and what that means. The 4/5ths or 80% rule of thumb is not intended as a legal definition, but it’s a means of keeping the attention of the enforcement agencies on serious discrepancies in rates of hiring, promotion, and other selection decisions. So let’s walk through an example. For example, if the hiring rate for whites other than Hispanics is 60%, for American Indians, it’s 45%. For Hispanics, it’s 48%, and for blacks it’s 51%. And each of these groups constitutes more than 2% of the labor force in the relevant labor area. A comparison should be made of the selection rate for each group with that of the highest group, which is white. These comparisons show that there are adverse impact ratios happening. Let’s talk a little bit more about this. So let’s break this down and look at each individual group. The comparison shows that the, that the following impact ratios are for American Indians 75%, Hispanics 80% and blacks 85%. So if we apply the 4/5ths rule, which is 80% American Indians are impacted potentially adversely, but not Hispanics and blacks. So let’s walk through an example here. And this comes directly from the EEOC’s website. So here we have two groups applicant pool groups. We have white and black. Remember we focus on sex orientation, race, when it comes to the 4/5ths rule. We have 80 white applicants and 48 of them were hired. That is 60% of those candidates that were white were hired. Versus black, 12 hired. We had 40 applicants. That is 30%. When it comes to the 4/5ths rule, we have to take this one step further. We can’t just look at the selection rate percent hired. We have to do one more thing. So we’re going to look at a comparison of the black selection rate, which is 30%, with the white selection rate of 60%. And that shows us that the black rate is 30 by 60, 30 divided by 60 is one-half or 50% of the white rate. Since the one half, that 50% is less than 4/5ths or 80%, adverse impact is usually indicated. This is the process to determine if there’s adverse impact using the 4/5ths rule. So that is adverse impact in the 4/5ths rule. Both of these terms and topics are going to be part of HRCI and SHRM’s BoCK and BASK. If you like this resource, Ace the HR Exam has over 140 lessons to help you ace your HR certification exam. We have 100 test questions, downloadable resources, a pre-exam assessment. We offer a monthly subscription. You can go to www.AceTheHRExam.com to learn more. Happy HR certification prep. Let me know what other questions or support I can help you with.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:11:31.54] If this concept is a challenge, head over to the full video explanation so you can see the calculations over on TikTok. You can grab the link from this episode transcript at  HRCertificationPodcast.com.

Break: [00:11:44.26] I know that was a fast and rapid review, but it’s time to take a reset while we move into our next segment on the HR Certification Podcast powered by Workology. I’m your host, Jessica Miller-Merrell. Now, Workology offers HR certification, prep resources, and courses so you can learn more about our courses and prep resources by visiting HRCertificationPodcast.com or head on over to Workology. We offer a variety of prep resources, including physical products like flashcards and study guides, along with courses for all different types of learners. Most importantly, our courses are accessible for you whenever and wherever you are. Our digital courses are on demand and also accessible on our very own Workology app for Android and iOS. I do want to hear from you. Send me your questions over on TikTok and Instagram. It’s @WorkologyBlog. I’m happy to answer questions there or connect to talk more about HR certification prep. No question is a silly question. Send me over your questions.

HR Test Question Review for SHRM and HRCI Certification Exams

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:12:46.33] We are now moving to a special segment of the HR Certification Podcast, where we review a HR test question, and we do this every single episode. These are all test questions that are covered as part of SHRM and HRCI exams. Before I share the question, I do want to give you a quick review of my HR test question framework. More information about this is on our Workology YouTube channel. A link to that video in the transcript of this podcast episode. There is five steps to our HR test question framework. Step one is to read each question slowly and concisely. Step two, identify the HR competency that the question is about. Step three is to eliminate the wrong answers. Step four is to WWSD or WWHD, which means What Would SHRM or What Would HRCI Do? Think about the question written from the point of view of someone at HRCI, at SHRM, and choose the best answer. Step five is to go with your gut. Let’s go ahead and get to our featured practice test question for this episode.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:13:51.49] What term refers to the unintentional discrimination that occurs when an employment practice appears neutral, but disproportionately excludes a protected group from employment opportunities? Is it A) Affirmative action. B) Disparate treatment. C) Adverse impact. Or D) Reverse discrimination. Let’s go ahead and walk through this test question a second time.

What term refers to the unintentional discrimination that occurs when an employment practice appears neutral, but disproportionately excludes a protected group from employment opportunities? Is it…

A) Affirmative action.

B) Disparate treatment.

C) Adverse impact, or..

D) Reverse discrimination.

Jessica Miller-Merrell: [00:14:37.39] Drum roll please. The correct answer is C)Adverse impact. Adverse impact occurs when a seemingly neutral employment practice disproportionately affects members of a protected group unfavorably. It is intended, it is unintended discrimination that can occur in areas of maybe hiring, promotion, or termination despite no explicit discriminatory intent. Options A, B, and D, they’re incorrect because they refer to concepts related to employment discrimination, such as proactive efforts to address inequality. That’s affirmative action. Intentional differential treatment based on protected characteristics. That’s disparate treatment. And discrimination against majority groups. That’s reverse discrimination, respectively. If you got this test question wrong, do not worry. Or maybe you’re like, I don’t remember what a term that was one of the options. Just make a note, add it to your list, and you can add this into your daily review. That’s how I like to do it. I do have more test questions that you can access at our test question bank, including 25 free test questions. And you can do that at HRTestQuestion.com.

Closing: [00:15:52.68] HR certification is such an important step in your career whether you are looking to increase your HR knowledge base, gain credibility in the office, increase your income-earning potential, or prove yourself that you deserve to be here. Because I know that you do. You do. You know that you do. Together, let’s elevate the HR profession. Thank you for joining me on the episode of the HR Certification Podcast. My name is Jessica Miller-Merrell and I help HR leaders ace their HR certification exams. Let me do the same for you. Know that Workology offers a host of courses and resources to help you ace your HR certification exam. Head on over to HRCertificationPodcast.com to learn more about how we help with your HR search prep, including the aPHR, PHR, SPHR, SHRM-CP, and SHRM-SCP exams. If you do have a question or suggestion for a new area of review for an upcoming episode of the HR Certification Podcast, send me a note over on Instagram or TikTok. It’s @WorkologyBlog. Let me know what your suggestion is or idea you have for an upcoming episode. I’ll see you next time on the HR Certification Podcast. Bye, guys!

– HR Certification Quiz 

– HR Certification: SHRM and HRCI 

– Workology on Youtube | HR Test Question Framework

– Workology on Youtube | What is a Passing Score on the SHRM and HRCI Exams 

– HR Certification Podcast Episode 8: Global Review For SHRM And HRCI Exams  

– HR Certification Podcast Episode 9: 2024 Changes To HRCI And SHRM Exams

– HR Certification Podcast Episode 10: Total Rewards Review for HRCI & SHRM

 – HR Certification Podcast Episode 11: Reviewing Business Acumen For HRCI & SHRM Exams

– Workology Podcast | Ep 161 – The Value of HR Certification: #HRCI or #SHRM?

– Workology Podcast | Episode 262: Test-Taking Strategies for HRCI and SHRM Certification

How to Subscribe to the HR Certification Podcast

Stitcher | PocketCast | iTunes | Google Play | YouTube | TuneIn 



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